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Read up on Reformation Day

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“The attachment of Luther’s 95 Theses” by Julius Hübne

Today is a momentous day in Western history, the beginning of what would be known as the Protestant Reformation. With Martin Luther’s pinning of the ninety-five thesis in Wittenberg, Germany, he would light a candle that would change theology, philosophy, and the political landscape of Europe and beyond. With a focus on the individual and his or her relation with the Almighty, Luther’s reforms reinvigorated the spiritual aspect a person’s daily work and striving. Luther and his idea of vocation, that one’s calling is not only a spiritual command for the priesthood, but a spiritual command to excellence in a person’s everyday duties would invigorate and create a thriving Western Europe.

You can visit Acton’s bookshop for many resources on the Protestant Reformation. In Working for Our Neighbor, Gene Edward Veith connects vocation to justification, good works, and Christian freedom—defining how the Lutheran contribution to economics can transfigure ordinary life, and work, with the powerful presence of God.

Please check out Working for Our Neighbor and all the other Oikonomia Primers available this week for a reduced price!

Daniel Menjivar


  • “In his classic study The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, Max Weber showed the connections between Protestantism and the new economics.”

    The Institute really shouldn’t promote Weber’s thesis. I don’t know of any history of economics or economic thought that gives it any credibility. Calvinists certainly had nothing to do with the advent of capitalism. Capitalism came from the principles distilled by the Salamancan theologians. Calvinists hated those principles and fought very hard against them. The same was true of the Puritans in the US. The non-Calvinist Christians implemented Salamancan principles in spite of fierce battles with Calvinists who sided with the monarchy. Calvinists finally conceded to the new economics a century later and that’s why Weber made the mistake of thinking they had something to do with its origins.