Restorative justice is a theory of justice that emphasizes concepts such as reconciliation, forgiveness, and healing. There are, as Jordan Ballor has explained, a plurality of restorative justice movements. Yet one theme that is found in almost all forms is victim restitution, such as compensation funds for those who have been victims of crimes.
Such compensation rarely occurs, though. According to Justice Fellowship, less than 3 percent of violent crime victims ever receive monetary assistance from victim compensation funds for costs like medical expenses, mental health counseling, lost wages, and funerals. And those who do receive compensation don’t receive enough.
A report was commissioned by Justice Fellowship and developed by the John Jay College of Criminal Justice to examine the effectiveness of victim compensation programs. The report finds that very little of the billions of dollars placed within these funds goes directly to victims and survivors of crime: