Imagine you are given three choices — A, B, or C. In the ranking, A is much preferred to B and B is exceedingly preferable to C. Which do you choose? Obviously, all else being equal, you’d choose A.
Now let’s add the following restrictions to your choice:
• You, your family, and your friends will all get A. But you must make the choice of A, B, or C, for other people who you will likely never meet.
• If you choose A, no one gets B and some (perhaps many) other people will be stuck with choice C.
• If you choose B, few people will get A but even fewer will get stuck with C.
Which do you choose now?
Before you know what the choices entail, you’d likely select B as the least bad option for the people you are choosing for. It’s not as good as the choice you yourself got but it’s still better than C.
But what if I told you A is a ban on child labor in Bangladesh and B is allowing children to work in a garment factory earning 53 cents per day. Does that change your decision?