Acton Institute Powerblog

Seeking the Peace by Educating Children

Share this article:
Join the Discussion:

One of the unintended consequences of the church growth movement was the narrowing of an understanding of how Christianity contributes to the common good by reducing what Christians contribute to the local church. While the church remains vital for the moral formation of society, there are other aspects of human flourishing that require the development of other institutions as Andy Crouch recently explained at Christianity Today.

This reduction has been adopted in some platforms that currently promote church planting. This church planting emphasis, in some cases, has led to an atrophied historical understanding of the Christian tradition’s emphasis on seeking the peace of the city through multiple institutions like schools, hospitals, professional societies, etc. While many churches are being planted in America’s most “strategic” cities, there seems to be little interest in coupling church planting with the creating of Christian schools to provide alternative education opportunities for children trapped in substandard public schools.

Let’s take New York City as an example:

A recent New York Public Schools System report demonstrates that minority students are under-performing and leaving school unprepared to participate in the global market-place compared to white and Asian students. The achievement gap between Asian and White students compared to black and Latino students in New York is alarming. Here’s a report on this story from New York 1 news.

Last year [2012], the odds of a white or Asian student being proficient were 388 percent higher than the odds for a black or Hispanic student. This year, the odds of a white or Asian student being proficient were 521 percent higher than the odds for a black or Hispanic student.

NY1 took a high-performing school from one of the city’s wealthiest neighborhoods and compared it to a school with a high-needs population in the South Bronx, the city’s lowest-performing school district. At P.S. 41 in Greenwich Village, 85 percent of students are white or Asian, and just 8 percent are poor. At P.S. 1 in the South Bronx, 97 percent of students are black or Hispanic, and 96 percent are poor.

Last year, the odds of a student at the Greenwich Village school passing the math test were 1,220 percent higher than a student at the school in the South Bronx. This year, it’s even worse. A P.S. 41 student has 1,560 percent better odds of passing the math test than his or her peer at P.S. 1.

How does that translate into actual scores? 75 percent of the students at the Manhattan school passed the math test, compared to 15 percent of the students at the Bronx school.

Why are the Manhattan schools fairing so well? The answer can possibly be found in the story of gentrification coupled with a culture of motivated parents. There are many Christians who have moved into New York City and enrolled their children into public school. However, because of gentrification, these schools are essentially not much different than the public schools in class differentiated suburbs in cities like Atlanta or Nashville. What we are beginning to see in Manhattan public schools affected by gentrification is the suburbanization of city schools. Manhattan public schools are where the middle-class send their kids to school because they cannot afford New York’s elite private schools. The same cultural norms of the suburban parents of the 1980s have an ever-increasing presence in the gentrified areas of New York’s Manhattan borough.

Meanwhile, as the data indicates, for the areas outside of Manhattan where low-income minorities are increasingly segregating, the schools are imploding. So, where are the education alternatives for low-income families? How can Christians truly seek the peace of the city and not be committed to providing education alternatives for kids who are trapped in schools that are failing them?

Granted, there have been some churches over the years that understand this. For example, Tenth Presbyterian Church in Philadelphia was key in founding City Center Academy to provide more options for parents in the city who wanted a better education than the public schools were providing. Friendly Temple Missionary Baptist Church recently launched a daycare and pre-K school to serve the city of St. Louis. In Grand Rapids, MI, a small group of Christians moved to a low-income area after 6 years of seeing the academic, emotional, and spiritual needs of the children. They worked to organize a Christian school and named it “The Potter’s House.” Because children are made in the image and likeness of God, these young adults realized that these children “needed a safe place to grow and to flourish academically and spiritually.” Churches are needed to morally form families and schools, and quality Christian schools are needed to serve the city by providing good moral instruction and educational excellence to the city’s kids.

In the end, we can’t seek the peace of the city unless we address more and more of the aspects of human flourishing and an important one is education. What New York City is desperate for are Christians who are thinking “missionally” enough about making a contribution to the common good that they are willing to start schools like The Potter’s House all over the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens and the remaining sections of Manhattan where kids in the city can flourish academically and spiritually. These neighborhoods need churches and schools.

Anthony Bradley Anthony Bradley, Ph.D. is Associate Professor of Theology and Ethics in the Public Service Program at The King's College in New York City and serves as a Research Fellow at the Acton Institute. Dr. Bradley lectures at colleges, universities, business organizations, conferences, and churches throughout the U.S. and abroad. His books include: Liberating Black Theology: The Bible and the Black Experience in America (2010),  Black and Tired: Essays on Race, Politics, Culture, and International Development (2011),  The Political Economy of Liberation: Thomas Sowell and James Cone of the Black Experience (2012), Keep Your Head Up: America's New Black Christian Leaders, Social Consciousness, and the Cosby Conversation (2012), Aliens in the Promised Land:  Why Minority Leadership Is Overlooked in White Christian Churches and Institutions (forthcoming, 2013). Dr. Bradley's writings on religious and cultural issues have been published in a variety of journals, including: the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, the Detroit News, and World Magazine. Dr. Bradley is called upon by members of the broadcast media for comment on current issues and has appeared C-SPAN, NPR, CNN/Headline News, and Fox News, among others. He studies and writes on issues of race in America, hip hop, youth culture, issues among African Americans, the American family, welfare, education, and modern slavery. From 2005-2009, Dr. Bradley was Assistant Professor of Systematic Theology and Ethics at Covenant Theological Seminary in St. Louis, MO where he also directed the Francis A. Schaeffer Institute.   Dr. Bradley holds Bachelor of Science in biological sciences from Clemson University, a Master of Divinity from Covenant Theological Seminary, and a Doctor of Philosophy degree from Westminster Theological Seminary.  Dr. Bradley also holds an M.A. in Ethics and Society at Fordham University.


  • I’m completely on-board with this, but I have a question, which you’ve heard before.
    Sometimes whites get involved in inner-city missions (schools, tutoring services, etc). Sometimes they found, organize, and staff these missions. But it seems that when someone white is at the helm black churches become reluctant to support such works. I think this is understandable. Too often goo-dooders sweep in with little or know knowledge of the specifics of time and place (Hayek – Coyne), with their own agendas, and do more harm than good. The clear solution would be for white congregations to join with local congregations with the relevant knowledge. But political differences make this difficult. What are your thoughts?

    • Anthony Bradley

      Why are you assuming white people need to take the lead on this? They are not the only Christians in America.

      • I said “sometimes”, so the assumption isn’t “only”. I’m going from experience here, not theory, so it is messy. Have you not observed this phenomenon?
        The ministry I was a part of ( a boarding school) was founded and led by a white woman. We have a very hard time getting support or volunteers from black churches. Why?
        I don’t think whites need to take the lead. I think that falls right into the Hayek-Coyne model of goo-dooderism.

  • Pingback: Opinion | theReadList()

  • Curt Day

    So we are ruling out poverty as being a key or even contributing factor to school performance? And true neighborhoods need churches and schools, but they don’t need jobs and realistic hopes for an positive economic future?

    Am I misreading this article or is it trying to say that the hope for a better education lies solely in the hands of individual Christians and Churches while tax-supported investments in the economic development of neighborhoods would make no contribution?

    Finally, what happened to the author who wrote, The New Legalism?

    • Anthony Bradley

      Poverty is does not cause nor lead to low academic performance. Poor immigrants have repeatedly proven that to be a myth. And, yes, you are misreading the article (again).

      • Curt Day

        We have differences, don’t we? That is fine. I was going by the data you presented in the article. The telling difference between the two schools was the economic one. There was no comparison between two schools of the same economic class where other variables could be more easily isolated.

        In addition, my own personal experience in teaching as well as the experiences of colleagues leads me to disagree with you regarding poverty and academic performance. Certainly, poverty is not the only factor and I wouldn’t say that poverty plays the same role in all instances and I wouldn’t say that it always affects academic performance to the same degree. But it is not too difficult to see the effect.

        We also have to understand the degree to which immigrants from different countries are accepted is a factor. Thus, their performance does not imply that poverty is never a factor in academic performance.

        I read some frustration in your response but I do appreciate the response. We have something in common in that we both attended WTS. You were there a few years after I was. But what leads me to my views is that the solutions you propose have always put the impetus for change on the individual. I have neither seen you challenge the system to change nor have I seen you challenge those with wealth and power to change. So if I am (again) misreading the article, realize that part of that might be understandable.

        Again, thank you for your response.

  • Pingback: FRC Blog » The Social Conservative Review: August 22, 2013()

  • Pingback: The Social Conservative Review: August 22, 2013 | – Latest entries | Lunch time forum()

  • Pingback: The Social Conservative Review: August 22, 2013 | – Latest entries | A mí, háblame en Cristiano()

  • Will Love

    Wow! I am currently an undergrad in Indiana, studying Elementary Education. As I sit in my classes as the only Black male (and Black person for most) listening and talking about this current state of education daily, I have thought so hard about a solution. This article offers so much insight and has given me a lot to think about as I prepare for graduation this year. Question… Do you have any other resources I could refer to about this topic?

    Thanks Pastor Bradley!