Note: This is the post #12 in a weekly series of explanatory posts on the officials and agencies included in the President’s Cabinet. See the series introduction here.
Cabinet position: Secretary of Transportation
Department: U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)
Current Secretary: Elaine Chao
Succession: The Transportation Secretary is 14th in the presidential line of succession.
Department Mission: “The mission of the Department is to serve the United States by ensuring a fast, safe, efficient, accessible and convenient transportation system that meets our vital national interests and enhances the quality of life of the American people, today and into the future.” (Source)
Within the DOT are the following administrations:
• Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
• Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
• Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA)
• Federal Railroad Administration (FRA)
• Federal Transit Administration (FTA)
• Maritime Administration (MARAD)
• National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
• Office of Inspector General (OIG)
• Office of the Secretary of Transportation (OST)
• Pipeline & Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA)
• St. Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation (SLSDC)
Department Budget: $98.1 billion for FY 2017
Number of employees: Approximately 58,000
Primary Duties of the Secretary: The Transportation Secretary oversees the formulation of national transportation policy and promotes intermodal transportation. Other responsibilities range from negotiation and implementation of international transportation agreements, assuring the fitness of US airlines, enforcing airline consumer protection regulations, issuance of regulations to prevent alcohol and illegal drug misuse in transportation systems and preparing transportation legislation. (Source)
Secretary: Elaine L. Chao
Previous occupation: President and Chief Executive Officer of United Way of America.
Education: B.A. in economics from Mount Holyoke College and MBA from Harvard Business School.
Previous government experience: Served as Deputy Administrator of the Maritime Administration in the U.S. Department of Transportation (1986); Chairwoman of the Federal Maritime Commission (1988); Deputy Secretary of Transportation (1989-1991); Director of the Peace Corps (1991-92); U.S. Secretary of Labor (2001–2009).
Family: Chao is married to Senator Mitch McConnell (R-KY), the current majority leader of the U.S. Senate.
• Was the first Asian American woman and the first Taiwanese American to be appointed to a President’s Cabinet.
• Distinguished Fellow with The Heritage Foundation
• Board member of the Independent Women’s Forum
• Recipient of 36 honorary doctorate degrees.
On economic growth: “It’s not coincidental that America’s vigorous recovery in the early 1980s was led by a president who worked hard to unshackle growth in the private sector.”
On limited government: “Outside of Washington, D.C., most Americans aren’t concerned with doing things ‘big.’ They’re looking for less government spending, lower taxes, and good jobs.”
On government workers: “[A] number of recent studies conclude that federal workers earn 20 to 30 percent more per hour than their private sector counterparts. And where local, state, and federal government workers really come out ahead isn’t just in pay; it’s in the benefits. Most private sector workers can only dream of getting the generous lifetime pension and health benefits typical of government service.”
Previous and forthcoming posts in this series: Secretary of State, Secretary of the Treasury, Secretary of Education, Secretary of Labor, Secretary of Defense, Attorney General, Secretary of the Interior, Secretary of Agriculture, Secretary of Commerce, Secretary of Health and Human Services, Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, Secretary of Transportation, Secretary of Energy, Secretary of Veterans Affairs, Secretary of Homeland Security
A merchant banker. A failing dairy farmer. A refugee from Communist China. One risked his savings. One risked his farm. One risked his life.
Why do their stories matter? Because how we view entrepreneurs - as greedy or altruistic, as virtuous or vicious - shapes the destinies of individuals and nations.
Visit the official Call of the Entrepreneur website for more information.